Anoxic brain injuries are the injuries which are not caused due to blow or shock to the head. In other words, the injury is caused because of internal factors. Lack of oxygen in the brain causes Anoxia brain injuries. Death of the brain cells is a natural process but the brain lose its functionality and the number of death cells are more when it doesn’t receive oxygen for about four minutes. Before discussing about the effects and symptoms, it is important to know the basic different between anoxic and hypoxic brain injuries. The former takes place because of lack of oxygen in the brain and the latter takes place when oxygen is prohibited from reaching the veins. In case of any queries, you can take free consultation services from the best brain injury attorneys in San Diego.
Causes of Anoxic Brain Injuries:
Anoxic brain injuries can take place due to various reasons which are as follows:
- Anoxia Anoxia– It takes place when there is a complete depletion of oxygen level in the brain.
- Anemic anoxia– Hemoglobin is a protein responsible for transferring oxygen to different organs and tissues. Anemic Anoxia is a condition in which the blood is not capable of transmitting sufficient amount o oxygen to the brain.
- Toxic Anoxia– When brain is unable to receive blood due to presence of toxic chemicals in body, it is known as toxic anoxia. The presence of toxic materials prevents the blood from carrying oxygen to the brain.
- Atagnant Hypoxia– In this, the brain receives a little amount of oxygen.
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Symptoms of ABI:
An individual can become unconscious either for short or long term and this will depend on how long your brain has been deprived of oxygen. An individual can suffer from one of the following symptoms:
- Change in personality
- Speech and communication problems
- Blurred vision
- Problems in vision which can be mild
- Changes in sleeping patterns
- Mood swings
- Inappropriate behavior
- Concentration problems
- Memory mutilation
- Sensitivity problems
- Bladder and bowel problems
Diagnosis and Prognosis:
There can be both short term and long term effects. However, the effects will depend on how severely the brain has been affected. The symptoms should be checked carefully because it will vary from one individual to the other. The medications and treatment will be depending on the cause and severity of injury. The diagnosis will also depend on accessibility to a proper health care. Some of the best ways to treat such injuries include the following:
- Speech therapies
- Occupational therapies
- Counseling and nutritional support
- Counseling for mental health
However, the recovery time will vary from one individual to the other. It is rare to completely recover from these injuries. However, there are chances of partial recovery in case of mild symptoms and problems. The symptoms will depend on the location of injury on the brain.